Category Archives: Artikel Bahasa Inggris

Myth During Pregnancy Period

Pregnancy is a time for joy. It is a time when the parents-to-be look forward to the hold their bundle of joy in their arms. Unfortunately, not every mother-to-be is as knowledgeable about pregnancy as she should be. To add the confusion they are often misled by half truths and old wives tales when it comes to their pregnancy week by week. In order to have a healthy pregnancy, women must educate themselves on the early pregnancy symptoms and other pregnancy related issues.

Myth 1 Miscarriages

Many women worry about health issues during their pregnancy. One of the biggest concerns about pregnancy is miscarriages. Miscarriages happen, however, all spotting and bleeding are not signs of miscarriage. Still you must see a doctor immediately in case you have some.

Myth 2 weight gain

Mothers are also worried about their own health during pregnancy. Weight gain is a concern for most new mothers. With the week by week development of the baby, a mother gains about 25-35 pounds. However while eating; a mother-to-be must take care of the quality and not the quantity of food that she eats. She should not think that she has to eat for two! Instead she should follow a good diet plan. She should give up smoking, alcohol and reduce caffeine intake. Mild exercise such as walking and swimming are great ways to maintain ideal weight.

Myth 3 Labor

Many women are afraid of labor as well. They presume labor to be always painful. Labor might be painful for some women, while others may not feel much pain during childbirth. Women today can opt for natural birth or epidurals. Epidurals reduce labor pains. Breathing techniques can also help to reduce pain during natural childbirth. Keeping fit and healthy throughout pregnancy ensures an easy labor.

Myth 4 Posture

One of the biggest myths about pregnancy is that you should not sleep on your back. As long as you find it comfortable, and have no health problems, sleeping on your back is okay. Most women find it comfortable to sleep on their side.

Myth 5 Travel

Another major concern for mothers is the use of seatbelts. Seatbelts save lives, so you should not stop wearing one when traveling. However, you need to speak to your doctor about the position of the belt. If you can place the belt properly, there is no risk to your baby.

Today, women have many choices in terms of medical care and information. The mortality rate for mothers and babies has gone down considerably all over the world in the past few decades. All thanks to modern medicine and pregnancy health awareness. Hence, there is really no reason for you to worry about pregnancy. Take it easy and make sure you have proper diet and follow a well planned exercise regime.

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Pain Management in Childbirth

Pain Management in Childbirth: “

Pain in childbirth is normal, healthy, and productive — and ends with the ecstasy of your baby’s birth. Although management of labor pain plays less important role in a mother’s satisfaction with childbirth, compared with the quality of the relationship with her labor support and her ability to take part in decision making, it is an important topic.

Pain in labor is a nearly universal experience for childbearing women. It is, however, experienced differently by birthing mothers. The majority of women, though, need some sort of pain relief during childbirth. Methods vary from drugs to natural methods, and it is worth considering the various options available to you well in advance.

Non-pharmacologic methods of labor pain relief are becoming more common as mothers, as well as pregnancy and labor caregivers, become more aware of the effectiveness of these methods. Changing positions and movement, warm water baths, massage and acupressure are gaining more popularity, in addition to relaxation and hypnobirthing, in management of labor pain.

A vast study by Childbirth Connection in 2005 revealed that 69% of birthing mothers used at least one non-pharmacologic method to relieve pain and increase comfort during their labor. Most frequently used were breathing techniques and position changes and movement, followed by relaxation, visualization or hypnosis. As many as one in five birthing mothers used hands-on techniques such as massage and labor acupressure. These two hands-on techniques were rated very helpful by vast majority of 91% of the mothers. The popularity of these pain relieving methods is based on the simplicity and easiness to use them anywhere without any special and expensive tools. This is in addition to highly satisfactory level of relief from labor pains.

Less frequently used labor pain relieving methods include use of birthing balls, birthing tub or pool, and aromatherapy. Mothers who use these pain relieving methods, also, generally rate them helpful. Unfortunately, their use is limited by the need of special equipments or space.

By far, the most common forms of medication in both vaginal and cesarean births among the pharmacologic labor pain relieving methods are the epidural or spinal analgesia. Epidural or spinal analgesia mostly give excellent labor pain relief. However, studies revealed a scattered satisfaction with epidurals. Many interviewed mothers described their experiences of not having access to this type of pain relief when they wanted it, getting uneven pain relief on different sides, and experiencing headaches, and other adverse effects.

Labor is an exciting event and involves many new sensations, especially if you are having your first baby. These sensations are part of giving life to your baby. However, no one needs to suffer during childbirth. By understanding what you can do, and how others can help you in order to prevent and relieve labor pains, you are most likely to have a satisfying birth experience.

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How Low Libido Affects Women versus Men

Most women and men experience low female libido at some time in their lives. Although the causes and treatments are not the same, many studies and much research is still needed to distinguish the subtle differences between how the two genders experience low libido. Believe it or not, about twice as many women than men experience low libido and it has a profound affect on their intimate relationships. We will identify some of the causes and symptoms specific to women who suffer from lack of libido. Some women don’t even realize that there are several medications that women frequently take which affect female libido. Many oral contraceptives suppress female libido so gradually that a woman may not even realize it is happening. Oral contraceptives prevent ovulation by changing the amount of hormones that are released in a woman’s body, so imagine how potent these medications actually need to be and how easily these hormonal changes could affect women’s libido. Women who have undergone a hysterectomy, for any reason, may also experience low sexual desire because the female hormones are suddenly depleted. Many women take medications (hormone replacement therapy or female libido pills) to replace the loss of hormones, which will usually increase libido, sexual desire, and sexual response. Many women increase libido by taking libido enhancer pills. These are usually made with a special blend of herbs used to treat female or women’s libido. Menopause is another cause of low libido and lack of sexual desire. This is again, due to the depletion and imbalance of hormones. Sometimes the loss of sexual desire that occurs naturally with age, can be aggravated by less moisture and lubrication in the vagina. This can make sexual intercourse uncomfortable or even painful and it may cause frustration and stress that a woman begins to associate with sex. Obviously birth control pills, hysterectomies, and menopause are all reasons specific to the loss of female libido. The causes of low libido in men are more commonly caused from lower testosterone levels as men age, depression, stress, medical conditions, and substance abuse. There are medications such as Viagra that are very effective for men who would like to increase libido. If the problem is psychological, individual or couples therapy can help a great deal. It is important for a man with low libido to eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and get plenty of sleep. It is also extremely beneficial for a man with low libido to not smoke and moderate his alcohol intake. If you are a male or female who suffers from low libido, you should consult a physician to make sure this problem is not a result of a more serious medical condition that requires attention. In relationships, open communication is a great help and goes a long way in overcoming low male or to increase female libido.

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Breast Enhancement Therapy For Each Individual

A lady finds herself to be a complete woman only after she has experienced the divine joy of motherhood. This can be expressed only after going through the stages of pregnancy, childbirth and lactation or breast-feeding.
These stages bring many emotional, mental and physical changes in every woman. The breast enlargement is a major part of this change, which takes place naturally. The enlarged breasts are firm during the period of lactation as the supply of hormones to produce mother’s milk is continuously maintained. The fullness of female anatomy during such a period is for everyone to appreciate in a divine way. Even a skinny woman finds herself to be large breasted during this period.
However, after this phase is over and lactation stops, the breasts start shrinking and sagging as well. It is the desire of every woman to remain firm breasted with rounded large beasts, always. The absence of these features certainly brings confidence problems in some women. The confidence problems can be severe enough to result in anxiety or depression in certain cases. Therefore, the thought of breast enhancement therapy comes instantly to the female mind.
The same can be said for woman going through menopause. They may have large breasts, but the breasts are neither shaped well nor firm. However many ladies would like to retain their firmness particularly in the breasts, during that age as well. There are a few surgeries available, which cause breast enlargement. But, these have to be observed with the passage of time for their effectiveness and side effects, if any.
The major draw backs for the types of therapy involving surgery is that they are costly and every woman may not be able to afford it. Hence, we have breast enhancement pills, which are safe to use and these produce the desired result over a period of time. A woman, using breast pills regularly feels more confident after developing firm and well-shaped breasts large enough to attract the others’ attention. These pills can also be used by women who have lost the shape and size of their breasts due to a prolonged illness.
These breast enlargement pills supplement the estrogen and other feminine hormones that are responsible for the development and growth of female breasts during puberty or pregnancy, thereby strengthening the breast tissues and enlarging the mammary glands. The herbal pills have certain advantages over other therapies as they contain certain herbal ingredients that open up the tissues and then expand them to make the female breasts rounded and firm. It is important to keep in mind that the process of shaping and enlarging the breasts, which is limited somewhat to genetics, is different for each particular female when taking herbal breast pills.

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Ten Myth About Childbirth

Ten Myth About Childbirth: ”

1. My water will break if I am truly in labor.
Amniotic fluid surrounds your baby during pregnancy. If you are in your last weeks of pregnancy you may be expecting a gush of water prior to the onset of labor. For most women their water does not break before labor begins and often does not break until you are in active labor if it breaks on it’s own at all. In fact, quite often your doctor or midwife will break the bag of waters at some point during labor.

2. You will know when you are in labor.
Early labor can last hours and even days. Braxton Hicks contractions can feel very real and be difficult to tell apart from true labor contractions. While most women will know once they have reached the active phase of labor, early labor can be more subtle. It is not uncommon for women to be dilated four or even five centimeters and not be aware of the fact that they are in labor .False labor contractions are irregular and usually do not increase in intensity, frequency, or duration. Moms who have given birth before may actually have a more difficult time distinguishing true labor contractions from false labor. The only way to be sure whether you are indeed in labor is to have a vaginal exam to check for cervical dilation.

3. Labor induction always works.
Labor induction does not always work. Your doctor will perform a vaginal exam to check for cervical dilation and effacement and position of your cervix. Labor induction works best when the cervix has already begun to soften and dilate. You may go in for your 39 or 40 week appointment hoping for an induction only to be told that your cervix is not favorable to be induced. It is also possible to have a failed induction. If baby is not in distress you may be sent home to try labor induction again in another day or two.

4. Contractions feel like menstrual cramps.
You may have heard that contractions feel like menstrual cramps. While for some women early labor contractions may feel like menstrual cramps, this is not a very realistic description of labor contractions. Natural childbirth is definitely doable and many women have an unmedicated birth. However, we feel describing contractions as menstrual cramps is a disservice to first time moms. There are more honest and accurate descriptions of labor contractions that will better prepare you for childbirth. Contractions do resemble menstrual cramps in their location and general achiness, but they also have a powerful tightening more closely resembling a charlie horse. Generally speaking contractions in the active phase of labor will be tightening, painful, and increase in intensity until you reach the peak of the contraction and then the pain will begin to subside.

5. Unmedicated childbirth is always best.
Because labor is not one long sustained contraction but rather a series of contractions increasing in intensity, natural childbirth is quite possible. Natural childbirth, utilizing relaxation exercises, breathing, and resting between contractions, offers one option for pain management. Natural childbirth offers women the ability to be in complete control of their birth and there is a very empowered feeling after having a successful unmedicated birth. Benefits of an unmedicated birth include faster recovery time and shorter labor for mom, more alert and active baby (and mom too), and of course it’s cheaper. However, there are occasions, where an unmedicated birth would not be best and certainly many reasons why women would prefer a medicated birth over an unmedicated one. Conditions such as an abrupted placenta, a baby in a breach position, or signs of fetal distress are all very good reasons to need a caesarian section. An unmedicated birth is ideal, but a happy, healthy birth can be attained regardless of your childbirth choice.

6. If you are really in labor you will not be sent home.
Women may assume if they are truly in labor that they will be admitted to the hospital. You can be in labor and still be sent home. If you are in the early phases of labor, you may be sent home until your contractions increase in frequency or your cervix is more dilated. Many hospitals will not admit you until you are at least four centimeters dilated. Do not get discouraged if the labor and delivery nurse tells you that you have to go home. You may indeed be in labor!

7. Once a caesarian birth always a caesarian birth.
This may or may not be true depending on the type of caesarian section you had along with the reasons for having a caesarian birth to begin with. VBACs or vaginal birth after caesarian are becoming increasingly more common. You will need to discuss with your doctor whether a VBAC will be possible for you.

8. Each labor gets easier.
This may or may not be true for you. Generally speaking, second labors are shorter in duration, but that is not always the case. Shorter does not always mean easier. Baby could be bigger than your first or positioned differently. Also, if you have a very rapids labor, you may find you do not have as many choices for pain medication or you may simply choose different pain options. There are any number of factors that could affect your birth.

9. You will feel an urge to push.
Feeling the urge to push is instinctive and natural right? If baby is ready to come you will certainly feel an urge to push! Well, believe it or not this is not always true. Many women do feel an urge to push, but not always. Sometimes pushing is painful and women will avoid pushing at all costs. Other times medications such as an epidural will interfere with the sensation of needing to push. Your doctor or midwife will help you to understand what is happening during labor and help you determine when you are ready to push.

10. Epidurals lead to caesarian sections.
This belief is still held by some, but recent studies have shown that epidurals do not cause an increase in caesarian sections.

http://ktiskripsi.blogspot.com/

Myth During Pregnancy Period

Myth During Pregnancy Period: ”

Pregnancy is a time for joy. It is a time when the parents-to-be look forward to the hold their bundle of joy in their arms. Unfortunately, not every mother-to-be is as knowledgeable about pregnancy as she should be. To add the confusion they are often misled by half truths and old wives tales when it comes to their pregnancy week by week. In order to have a healthy pregnancy, women must educate themselves on the early pregnancy symptoms and other pregnancy related issues.

Myth 1 Miscarriages

Many women worry about health issues during their pregnancy. One of the biggest concerns about pregnancy is miscarriages. Miscarriages happen, however, all spotting and bleeding are not signs of miscarriage. Still you must see a doctor immediately in case you have some.

Myth 2 weight gain

Mothers are also worried about their own health during pregnancy. Weight gain is a concern for most new mothers. With the week by week development of the baby, a mother gains about 25-35 pounds. However while eating; a mother-to-be must take care of the quality and not the quantity of food that she eats. She should not think that she has to eat for two! Instead she should follow a good diet plan. She should give up smoking, alcohol and reduce caffeine intake. Mild exercise such as walking and swimming are great ways to maintain ideal weight.

Myth 3 Labor

Many women are afraid of labor as well. They presume labor to be always painful. Labor might be painful for some women, while others may not feel much pain during childbirth. Women today can opt for natural birth or epidurals. Epidurals reduce labor pains. Breathing techniques can also help to reduce pain during natural childbirth. Keeping fit and healthy throughout pregnancy ensures an easy labor.

Myth 4 Posture

One of the biggest myths about pregnancy is that you should not sleep on your back. As long as you find it comfortable, and have no health problems, sleeping on your back is okay. Most women find it comfortable to sleep on their side.

Myth 5 Travel

Another major concern for mothers is the use of seatbelts. Seatbelts save lives, so you should not stop wearing one when traveling. However, you need to speak to your doctor about the position of the belt. If you can place the belt properly, there is no risk to your baby.

Today, women have many choices in terms of medical care and information. The mortality rate for mothers and babies has gone down considerably all over the world in the past few decades. All thanks to modern medicine and pregnancy health awareness. Hence, there is really no reason for you to worry about pregnancy. Take it easy and make sure you have proper diet and follow a well planned exercise regime.

http://ktiskripsi.blogspot.com/

Knowing the Signs and Symptoms of Pregnancy

Knowing the Signs and Symptoms of Pregnancy: ”

Having a baby can be a joy. It signals the start of family life. The baby serves as the carrier of the bloodline and legacy of the parents. More than that, a baby is a very important individual who will someday grow up and make a difference in this world.

Creating a baby involves sexual reproduction. This can occur when a couple has sexual intercourse and both the egg cell from the woman and the sperm cell from the man unites into one fertilized cell. This cell quickly duplicates and matures within just hours and turns into a zygote. The zygote then attaches itself to the uterus lining where it further matures into a fetus. This fetus has the physical appearance of a human being as early as 6 weeks old. This developing group of cells can come to know as the woman’s baby. The period of holding this baby inside her womb and until the baby is born is called the pregnancy period.

The pregnancy period lasts for approximately 9 months or specifically 36 to 40 weeks of gestation. During this period, there are countless changes involving the baby’s growth and development inside the mother’s womb. The mother is also affected with these changes, having some changes of her own too in order to accommodate the baby’s needs. Together the mother and her baby form a bonding relationship as well as a physical connection with each other.

To know if a woman is really pregnant, there are numerous signs and symptoms which give out clues to alert the people if there is or there is no pregnancy. First, there are possible signs of pregnancy which can be felt and experienced by the woman. Next, there are probable signs of pregnancy which can be felt by the nurse or examiner. Lastly, there are positive signs of pregnancy which can be derived from running tests and examinations through which the final verdict is revealed of whether or not the woman is pregnant.

As the baby matures, there are a lot of possible signs and symptoms a mother will feel. There are nausea and vomiting episodes more commonly known as morning sickness. She will have missed monthly periods or will not menstruate in the succeeding months. The mother will have changes in libido and may feel less inclined to having sexual intercourse. She will feel her breast engorging and swelling. As the baby gets larger, the woman will have increased frequency of urination. She will also have food cravings or in some cases pica, which is the unusual consumption of usually non-edible food. The mother will be easily fatigued and experience skin changes and stretch marks. She will also feel fetal movement inside her which is termed as quickening.

Having experienced the possible signs and symptoms mentioned above, the woman will be inclined to go to a clinic to be examined. There are probable signs and symptoms which are noted by the nurse or examiner. The nurse performs a thorough assessment on the woman’s body. The nurse notes an increased abdominal girth on the mother. The nurse observes that the mother has bluish discoloration on her vagina along with the presence of a softening cervix. The nurse observes that the mother is having Braxton Hicks contraction which is a series of false labor contractions. The nurse can also note that the baby can be palpated on the mother’s abdomen.

To validate all of these signs and symptoms, there are positive signs of pregnancy to look out for. Among the three, positive signs are the most reliable indicators of pregnancy. These involve being positive in four tests, namely, the hearing of fetal heart tones through Doppler sound or stethoscope, ultrasound detection, x-ray visualization, and movement of baby as detected by the examiner.

http://ktiskripsi.blogspot.com/

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